肇庆市中考英语试题类型分析与准备第四部分:动词(短语)考点

廖雄老师原创(2021年5月)

【考点直击】

1.动词的八种时态的构成及用法;

2.动词被动语态的构成及用法;

3.非谓语动词的构成及用法;

4.近义动词的用法区别。

【学法指导】

1.动词的时态

  英语时态用共有十六种时态,其中常用的有8种,它们是:一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、现在完成时、过去进行时、过去完成时和过去将来时。

(1)一般现在时的基本用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频度的时间状语连用。

  时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday等。例如:

  I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。例如:

  The earth moves around the sun.

  Shanghai lies in the east of China.

3) 表示格言或警句中。例如:

  Pride goes before a fall.

【注意】此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现

在时。例如:

Columbus proved that the earth is round..

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。

  I don't want so much.

5) 某些动词如 come, go, move, stop, leave, arrive, be, finish, continue, start 等,在一般现在时句中可用来表示将来肯定会发生的动作。

   The train comes at 3 o'clock.

  6) 在时间状语从句或条件状语从句中,一般现在时代替一般将来时。

   I'll help you as soon as you have problem.

   Tell Xiao Li about it if you meet him.

(2)一般过去时的用法:                      

  表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内所发生的动作或情况,通常一般过去式带有表示动作时间状语的词,词组或从句,如 yesterday, the day before last, last week, two days ago 等,上下文清楚时可以不带时间状语。

  I worked in that factory last year.

【注意】

1) 过去经常反复发生的动作,也可用used to或would加动词原形来表达,例如:

I used to go fishing on Sundays.

2) “used to”也可用于表示过去曾经存在过的状态。例如:

This river used to be clean.

(3)一般将来时的用法

1)表示将来的动作或状态。例如:

   I shall attend the meeting tomorrow.

2)表示将来反复发生的动作或存在的状态。例如:

He will go to see his mother every Saturdays.

  3)表示将来的意愿,决心,许诺, 命令等时常用will,征求对方意见,主语是第一人

称时,常用shall。

   I will do my best to catch up with them.

   Shall I open the door?

  4)be + going + 动词不定式。也是一种将来时句型,表示打算,计划,最近或将来要作

的某事。

   I am going to Beijing next week.

  5)be + 动词不定式。表示有职责,义务,可能,约定,意图等。

   There is to be a meeting this afternoon.

   We are to meet the guests at the station.

  6)be about + 动词不定式,表示马上,很快作某事。

   They are about to leave.

(4)现在进行时的用法

  1) 现在进行时的用法表示说话者说话时正在发生或者进行的动作, 它注重现在正在进

行的动作,而不管动作从什么时间开始,到什么时间结束。

   What are you doing now?

I am looking for my key.

  2) 现在进行时表示目前一段时间内正在进行的动作(但说话时这个动作不一定在进行)。

   The students are preparing for the examination.

3) 某些动词的现在进行时可以表示即将发生的动作,这些动词有 arrive, come, leave,

start等。

   They are going to Hong Kong tomorrow.

【注意】有些动词一般不可以用于进行时态

①表示状态的动词,尤其是静态动词,如:be, have

②表示认识、知觉和情感的动词,如:know, think, hear, find, see, like, want, wish, prefer等。

(5)现在完成时的用法

  1) 现在完成时表示在说话之前已经完成或刚完成的动作。

   I have bought a ten-speed bicycle.

   They have cleaned the classroom.

  2) 现在完成时表示动作从过去开始持续到现在,或者还有可能持续下去的动作或状态。

现在完成时常与for 和 since 引导的短语或从句连用。

   We have lived here since 1976.

   They have waited for more than two hours.

【注意】

一般过去时与现在完成时的区别

  过去时表示过去某时发生的动作或单纯叙述过去的事情,强调动作;现在完成时为过去发生的,强调过去的事情对现在的影响,强调的是影响;一般过去时常与具体的时间状语连用。

试比较:

I saw this film yesterday.(强调看的动作发生过了,不涉及现在)

I have seen this film. (强调对现在的影响,电影的内容已经知道了。)

(6)过去进行时的用法

表示过去某时正在进行的状态或动作。例如:

  I was watching TV when she came to see me.

【注意】

过去进行时和一般过去时都是过去发生的事情,但过去进行时侧重表示过去某一时刻正在进行的动作或所处的状态,强调动作的连续进行,而一般过去时则表示单纯的过去事实,例如:

They were building a house last month. (上个月正在建造,建造好与否不知)

They built a new house last month. (上个月建造好了,动作已经完成)

(7)过去完成时的用法

  过去完成时表示过去某一时刻或某一动作之前完成的动作或所处的状态,过去完成时常和 by , before 等词组成的短语和从句连用。

  We had already learned two thousands words by the end of last year.

  When we arrived at the station, they had waited for more than twenty minutes.

(8)过去将来时的用法

过去将来时表示从过去某个时间看将要发生的动作或存在地状态,过去将来时较多地被运用在宾语从句中。例如:

They were going to have a meeting.

I told him that I would see him off at the station.

2.动词的语态

语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。

主语是动作的发出者为主动语态;主语是动作的接受者为被动语态。

(1)被动语态

1) 被动语态最基本的句型结构是: be +及物动词过去分词

2) 被动语态中的谓语动词一定要是及物动词,因为被动句中的主语是动作的承受者,某些短语动词如look after, think of, take care of, work out, laugh at等,也可用于被动语态。

The children were taken good care of by her.

【注意】

短语动词中的介词或副词变成被动语态时不可遗漏。

3) 主动语态变为被动语态要加“to”的情况

若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式,变为被动语态时,该不定式前要加"to"。此类动词为感官动词,如:feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, make, observe, see, notice, watch等。例如:

The teacher made me go out of the classroom.

I was made to go out of the classroom (by the teacher).

4) 主动形式表示被动意义

如wash, clean, look, cut, sell, read, wear, feel, draw, write, sell等动词虽然用做主动形式却表示被动的意义。例如:

The food tastes good.

3.非谓语动词

对非谓语动词的考点是:感官动词后不定式作宾语补足语和动词ing形式作宾语补足语的用法;一些特殊动词的动词不定式作宾语补足语时不带to,但变为被动语态时就要带to;有些动词既可接不定式也可接动词ing形式作宾语,但表达的意思不同。这些都是历年中考的重点。

(1)非谓语动词的形式

非谓语动词指的是在句中起名词,形容词或副词作用的动词形式,而不是作谓语的动词形式。动词的非谓语形式分为动名词,分词,动词不定式。

(2)不定式作宾语补足语

Father will not allow us to play on the street.       

(3)不定式作目的状语

He ran so fast as to catch the first bus. 

(4)用不定式和分词作补足语都可以的动词

这样的动词有感官动词如:see, hear, look, notice, observe, feel等,使役动词如:have, make, leave, keep, get等。接不定式表示动作的完整性,真实性;+doing 表示动作的连续性,进行性。

  I saw him work in the garden yesterday.

  昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)

  I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)

昨天我见他正在花园里干活。

(5)用不带to不定式的情况

使役动词如: let, have, make等和感官动词如: see, watch, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find 等后作宾补,省略to。在被动语态中则to不能省掉。

(6)接现在分词与不定式意义意义上的不同

1) stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

stop doing 停止做某事。

  2) forget to do 忘记要去做某事。 (未做)

  forget doing 忘记做过某事。  (已做)

3) remember to do 记得去做某事  (未做)

  remember doing 记得做过某事  (已做)

4) try to do  努力,企图做某事。

  try doing  试验,试着做某事。

5) go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。

go on doing  继续做原来做的事。

  6) mean to do  打算、想做

mean doing 意味着做

7)can’t help do 帮助做

can’t help doing 情不自禁做

4. 容易混淆的常用动词的辨析

(1) say, speak, talk, tell的用法。

1) say表示讲话,作为及物动词使用,后跟宾语或宾语从句。

He said he would go there.

It's time to leave. We have to say goodbye to you.

2)speak表示“讲话”,一般作为不及物动词使用,而有时作为及物动词后面跟上各种语言作为宾语。

Do you speak English?

May I speak to Mr Pope, please?

3) talk表示“谈话”,是不及物动词,与to , about, with等连用,才可以接宾语。

What are you talking about?

Mr Jackson is talking with my father in the office now.

4) tell 表示“告诉,讲述”是及物动词,可以带双宾语或复合宾语。

She told us an interesting story yesterday.

My teacher told me that we would have an English exam the next month.

(2) look, see, watch和watch的用法。

1) look强调“看”这个动作,是不及物动词,常与at连用,然后接宾语。

Look! The girl is swimming in the lake.

Look at the picture carefully. Can you find something unusual?

2) see 指“看见”某物,强调的是结果。

They can't see the words on the blackboard.

Does Lily often go to see a film on Sunday?

3) watch 指的是“观看”,“注视”之意。

The twins are watching TV now.

He will go to watch a volleyball match.

4) read指“看书”、“看报”、“阅读”之意。

Don't read in the sun.

I like to read newspapers when I am free.

(3) borrow, lend和keep的区别。

1) borrow意思为“借入”,常常与from连用,是非延续性动词,表示瞬间即能完成的动作。

Meimei borrowed a book from the library just now.

May I borrow your dictionary?

2) lend 是“借出”之意,常常与to连用,同borrow一样,是非延续性动词,只表示瞬间即能完成的动作。

Uncle Wany has lent his car to Mr Li.

Could you lend us your radio, please?

3) keep是“保存”的意思,动作可以延续。

How long can the recorder be kept?

The farmer kept the pat for two weeks.

(4) bring, take, carry 和get的用法。

1) bring意思为“拿来”、“带来”。指将某物或某人从别处“带来”。

Bring me the book, please.

May I bring Jim to see you next Saturday?

2) take意思是“拿走”,“带走”,把某物或某人从这里“带来”或“拿到”某处之意。

It looks like rain. Take a raincoat with you.

Mother took the little girl to the next room.

3) carry 是“带着、搬运、携带”的意思,指随身携带,有背着、扛着、抱着、提着的含义,不表明来去的方向。

Do you always carry a handbag?

The box is heavy. Can you carry it?

4) get是去某处将某物拿回来。

Please go to my office to get some chalk.

There is no water in the bottle. Why not get some?

(5) wear, put on和dress的区别

1) wear是“穿着”“戴着”的意思,可以用于穿衣服、穿鞋、戴帽子、戴手套、佩戴首饰等,强调“穿着”的状态。

Tom always wears black shoes.

He wears a raincoat even when it is fine.

She doesn't like to wear a red flowers in her hair.

2) put on是“穿上”“戴上”的意思,可以用于穿衣服、穿鞋、戴帽等。着重于穿戴的动作。

It's cold. You'd better put on your coat.

He put on his hat and went out of the room.

3) dress可以作及物动词和不及物动词,有“穿着”“打扮”的意思。作“穿着”解时,只用于穿衣服,不用于穿鞋、戴帽、戴手套。作为及物动词用时,它的宾语是人,不是衣服。dress sb. (给某人穿衣服),而wear作“穿着”用时,也是及物动词,但它的宾语是物,不是人,即wear sth.(穿着衣物)。

She always dresses well.

Get up and dress quickly.

Mary is dressing her child.

(6) take, spend 和use的用法。

1) take指做某事用多少时间,句型是:It takes/took/ will take + sb. +some time + to do sth.

It took me three days to finish the work.

It will take you a while week to travel thought the forest.

It takes only one hour to fly to Shanghai.

2) spend指某人在某事(物)上花费时间或钱。句型是:

Someone spends + money/time + on something(in) doing sth.

She spent more than 500 yuan on that coat.

He didn't spend much time on his lessons.

He spent much time (in) correcting students' exercises.

Mother spent her evenings (in) washing clothes.

3) use表示使用工具、手段等。

Do you know how to use the computer?

Shall we use your car?

(7)reach, get 和arrive的区别。

1) reach是及物动词,后面要直接跟表示地点的名词作宾语。

After the train had left, they reached the station

We reached the top of the mountain at last.

2) get是不及动词,常与to连用,再接名词,后面接表示地点的副词时,不用to,get to常用于口语中。

When the students got to the cinema, the film had begun.

My sister was cooking when mother got home.

3) arrive是不及物动词,表示到达一个小地方时,用arrive at, 到达一个大地方时用arrive in。

The soldiers arrived at a small village

The foreigners will arrive in Shanghai tomorrow.

【实例解析】

1. I’m interested in animals, so I ________ every Saturday working in an animal hospital.

A. pay B. get C. take D. spend

答案:D。该题考查的是pay, get, take spend这四个动词的用法区别。在这四个动词中

只有spend常用于 “spend …ding sth.”的句型里,所以选D。

2. —-Listen Helen is singing in the next room.

—-It _________ be Helen. She has gone to Beijing.

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. may D. should

答案:A。该题考查的是情态动词的用法。表示否定地推测通常用can’t。

3.—-I called you yesterday evening, but there was no answer.

—-Oh, I am sorry I _________ dinner at my friend’s house.

A. have B. had C. was having D. have had

答案:C。该题考查的是动词的时态。他们谈论的是昨天晚上某一时刻发生的事情,所

以用过去进行时。

4.—-How long have you _______ the moteobike?

—-For about two weeks.

A. bought B. had C. borrowed D. lent

答案:B。该题考查的是延续性动词和非延续性动词的用法区别。这四个动词中只有had

是延续性动词,它的现在完成时可以同表示一段时间的时间状语连用。

【中考演练】

一、时态选择填空

1.(兰州)The population of the world ______ still _________ now.

  A. has; grown  B. is; growing  C. will; grow  D. is; grown

2.(兰州)—Good evening. I _______ to see Miss Mary.  —Oh, good evening. I’m sorry, but she is not in.

  A. have come  B. come  C. came  D. had come

3.(兰州)I first met Lisa three years ago when we _____ at a radio station together.

  A. have worked  B. had been working  C. were working  D. had worked

4.(广州)If you_____carefully, you_____the report well.

  A. will listen; will be understood  B. will listen; understand

  C. listen; will understand   D. listen; understand

5.(广州)They_____ about eight hundred English words by the end of last term.

A. will learn  B. had learned  C. are going to learn  D. have learned

6.(广州)—How did the accident happen?  —You know, it_____ difficult to see the road clearly because it_____.

  A. was; was raining  B. is; has rained  C. is; is raining  D. will be; will rain

7.(淄博)Attention, please. There_____ a football game between China and Korea this evening.

  A. is going to be  B. has been  C. has  D. will have

8.(武汉)—What does your sister like doing in her spare time? —She_____ watching TV.

  A. likes  B. liked  C. has liked  D. had liked

9.(武汉)—When_____ Jessy_____ to New York?  —Yesterday.

  A. does; get  B. did; get  C. has; got  D. had; got

10.(武汉)  —How clean the bedroom is!  —Yes, I am sure that someone_____ it.

  A. cleans  B. cleaned  C. has cleaned  D. had cleaned

11.(河北)My friend ______ me. I have to leave now.

  A. waits for  B. waited for  C. is waiting for  D. was waiting for

12.(河北)Be sure to let Tom know the notice as soon as he ______.

  A. will arrive  B. was arriving  C. arrives  D. arrived

13.(河北)I ______ the wrong thing. Can I use your eraser?

  A. write  B. wrote  C. am writing  D. will write

14.(威海) —Are you going to help John with his Chinese this evening?  —NO, He ______ to England. He will be back next month.

  A. returned  B. has returned  C. returns  D. will return

15.(烟台) —-Who’s won the first prize in the competition?  —-Henry______ . He has ______ it for a week.

  A. is, won  B. is, got  C. has, had  D. has, been given

16.(成都)—Is this the place that you ______ ?  —No. I’ve never been there before.

  A. have visited  B. will visit  C. are visiting D.visited

17.(江西)It ______ outside. You’d better take an umbrella with you.

  A. rains  B. is raining  C. rained  D. has rained

18.(江西)—Can I help you?  —I bought this watch here yesterday, but it ______ work.

  A. won’t  B. didn’t  C. doesn’t  D. wouldn’t

19.(南京)I used to love this film when I was young, but I ______ it that way any more.

  A. don’t feel  B. didn’t feel  C. haven’t felt  D. hadn’t felt

20.(安顺)Today is Thursday, and Tom lost his bike last Sunday. We may say “_____".

  A. Tom has lost his bike four days ago  B. Tom has lost his bike for four days

  C. Tom lost his bike for four days   D. It’s four days since Tom lost his bike

21.(河南)The zookeeper is worried because the number of visitors_____smaller andsmaller.

  A. become   B. became   C. is becoming   D. have become

22.(宜昌)—How was your trip to the ancient village? —Fantastic! We ___________to a museum of strange stones.

  A. go   B. went   C. are going   D. will go

23.(娄底)—Where is Peter?  —He________ volleyball with his friends in the school gym.

  A. plays  B. played  C. is playing  D.played

24.(无锡)—-Hello! Can I speak to Mr. White?  —-Sorry, he isn’t here right now. He ______ to the park.

  A. will go  B. was going  C. has gone  D. has been

25.(绥德)—_____ you ______ your drawing?  —Not yet! It will be done in a few minutes.

  A. Did; finish  B. Will; finish  C. Do; finish  D. Have; finished

26.(北京)She ______ as an animal trainer since 2003.

  A. has worked  B. works    C. will work  D. have worked

27.(北京)They ______ her to the party, so she was very happy.

  A. invite  B. invited   C. will invite  D. are inviting

28.Mr. Green ______ to the manager now. You’d better call him later.

  A. talk  B. talked   C. is talking  D. was talking

29.(安徽)Prison Break is the best American TV play that I ______ these years.

  A. watch  B. will watch  C. have watched  D. was watching

30.(安徽)—Alice, turn down the TV, please. I _________ on the phone. —Oh, sorry.

  A. have talked  B. talked  C. am talking  D. talk

31.(通化) — Where are the Greens, may I ask?  — Well, they ______ to England. They have been there for nearly a week now.

  A. have been  B. are going to  C. have gone  D. will go

32.(常州)The teachers _______ the office for a few minutes when we arrived. We didn’t meet them.

  A. had been away from  B. had left  C. have been away from  D. have left

33.(扬州)—-Has your father finished his report?—-Sorry, I don’t know. He______ it this morning.

  A. was writing  B. wrote  C. has written  D. had written

34.(阜康)—-It’s time for dinner. Where is your father, Emma? —-He ______ his bike in the yard.  

A. clean  B. cleaned  C. is cleaning  D. will clean

35.(朝阳)—Hi, I ______ you for a long time. —I ________ in Beijing. I’ve just come back.

A. hadn’t seen; am   B. haven’t seen; shall be  

C. didn’t see; will be  D. haven’t seen; was

二、语态选择填空

1.—-Do you often clean your classroom? —-Yes. Our classroom ___ every day.

A. clean B.cleans C.is cleaned D.is cleaning

2.A talk on developments in science and technology___in the school hall next week.

A. given B.will be given C.has been given D.give

3.His new book___ next month.

A. will be published B. is publishing C. is being published D. has been published

4.Did you go to Jacks birthday party? No,I____.

A. am not invited B.wasnt invited C.havent invited D.didnt invite

5.Mum,can I go to the zoo with Jack? When your homework___,you can.

A. is done B.was done C.does D.did

6.Twentyyearolds should not____to drive in China.

A.allow B.be allow C.be allowed D.allowed.

7.Seeing him rush into the room with tears in his eyes,I asked him what___.

A.would happen B.had happened C.happened D.was happened.

8.The book Business@the Speed of Thought ___in 1999.

A.writes B.is written C.wrote D.was written.

9.Trees and flowers__every year to make our country more beautiful.

A.is planted B.was planted C.are planted D.were planted.

10.Chinas sports stars Yao Ming and Liu Xiang___ Good Will Ambassadors(亲善大使)for Shang hai.

A.has been named B.have been named C.has named D.have named.

11.The earth is our home. It ___well.

A.must be protected B.should protect C.need protect D.should protected.

12.In recent years, many children are made ___ what they are not___.

A.to do;interested in B.to do;interested C.do;interested D.do;interested.

13.___a new library____in your school last year?

A.Is;built B.Was;built C.Does;built D.Did;built.

14.An accident___on this road last week.

A.has been happened B.was happened C.is happened D.happened.

15.Cotten ____in the southeast of China.

A.is grown B.are grown C.grows D.grow.

16.So far, the moon___by man already.

A. is visited B.will be visited C.has been visited D.was visited.

17.How many trees ___this year?

A.are planted B.will plant C.have been planted D.planted.

18.A lot of things ___by people to save the little girl now.

A.are doing B.are being done C.has been done D.will be done.

19.Neither of them ___ in China

A.is made B.are made C.were made D.made.

20.Look! A nice picture___for our teacher.

A. is drawing B.is being drawn C.has been drawn D.draws.

21.Your shoes___.You need a new pair.

A.wear out B.worn out C.are worn out D.is worn.

22.The doctor___for yet.

A.isnt sent B.hasnt been sent C.wont be sent D.wasnt sent.

23When ___this kind of computer___? Last year.

A.did;use B.was;used C.is;used D.are;used

24.The Great Wall__about all over the world.

A.knows B.knew C.is known D.was known.

25. The People's Republic of China ___ on October 1, 1949.

A. found B. was founded C. is founded D. was found

26.He says that Mr Zhang___to the factory next week.

A.is sent B.would send C.was sent D.will be sent.

27.Who ___this book__?

A.did;written B.was;written by C.do;written D.was;written

28.Mary ___show me her new dictionary.

A.has asked to B.was asked to C.is asked D.asks to

29. A story __ by Granny yesterday.

A.was told us B.was told to us C.is told us D.told us

30.The monkey was seen____out of the tree.

A.jump B.jumps C.jumped D.to jump

三. 阅读短文,并用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。

A

My name is Wang Bing. Im from China. Now I ___1____ (study) at this school. I ____2___ (arrive) here on January 8. Since then, I ____3____ (make) a lot of friends. At school we speak English all the time. Next week, some new students from Africa, Asia and Latin America ____4____ (come) to our school. Im very glad to know this because I enjoy ____5____ (meet) people from other countries.

B

Since 1946, one of the most important inventions has been the computer. It has been changing all our lives.

The first computer ____1___ (build) in 1946. It ____2____ (be) as large as a room and very difficult and slow ____3____ (use). But since the invention of silicon “chip”(硅片),computers ____4____ (become) smaller, easier and faster to operate. Some computers ____5____ (be) as small as TV sets. Some can even ____6___ (make) smaller than a book. And computers ____7____ (get) smaller and smaller all the time. Who knows what the computers of tomorrow ____8___ (be) like?

There ____9___ (be) several reasons why the computer is useful to us. First, a lot of information can ____10____ (put) into computer. Second, the computer works very quickly—thousands of times faster than a man and it will not be tired. Third, modern computers can be built into other kinds of machines, like radios, cars and planes. So today people can spend less time doing more work with a computer.

C

Once a boy came to ask a fisherman how to become cleverer because his mother always __________him foolish boy. That is easy, answered the fisherman. I know one way to __________you clever. Really?

Of course. A fish head is good for brains. If you eat one a day, you will___________ much cleverer. Pay only three pounds for one fish head. The boy ___________him three pounds and the fisherman _________off a fish head and gave it to him.

It is ____________ that a raw(生的)fish head is no good— not even for a hungry boy to eat.But the boy ____________ it up in two gulps(两口).

“Do you feel anything?” asked the fisherman after the boy ate the fish head.

Not in my head, said the boy.

The boy sat on the ground and _____________, One whole fish costs only two pounds, but I have ___________him three pounds for the fish already. Why couldnt I have the whole fish for soup, a head for brain and one pound left over? He jumped up and _________at the fisherman, The fish head is working well now, you see?

四. 用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. No matter what the weather is like, you can always find surfers out _______ (ride) the waves.

2. —-What do you use the key for?

—-It is ________ (use) for making the robot work.

3. No news _______ (be) good news. I’m sure Jane is still all right.

4. —-Are you feeling better these days?

—-Yes, much better. I _______ as well as these days for a long time.

5. It ________ (rain) heavily, youd better not go out now.

6. The city of Xian _______ (become) cleaner and cleaner.

7. The boys enjoy _______ (see) fight films very much.

8. He left the room without _______ (say) goodbye.

9. Rice ________ (grow) in the south of China.

10. Many trees ________ (plant) in our school yard these years.

五. 用方框中所给的动词或动词词组的适当形式填入下列句子里,使其意思通顺,每个动词或动词词组只能用一次

allow, fall, not be, phone, receive, show, send for, pay for, be used for, turn it off, keep on

1. It’s rather hot today, but the weather report says the temperature _______ to 28C tomorrow.

2. “Remember, nobody ________ to eat or drink in the computer room, the assistant said to the new students.

3. Hi, Mike! I _________ your invitation. Thank you very much. Ill come on time.

4. This time yesterday I ________ the foreigners around the ancient church.

5. My uncle phoned the booking office of the airline, and he was told there _______ any flights to Singapore in the following three days because of the bad weather.

6. Dont lose heart and ________ trying.

7. Dont watch TV. Its too late. Please _______ and go to bed right now.

8. Computers are useful. They can ________ sending E-mail.

9. If you’ve lost this book, you have to _______ it.

10. Both of his feet were hurt in the accident. _______ a doctor, please.

六.完成句子

1.肇庆在过去的三十二年中发生了很大的变化。

______________________________________ in Zhaoqing______________________________.

2.据报道,中国上个月又发射了一颗人造卫星。

__________________________ that ______________________________in China.

3.由于严重污染,这里再也无法重蔬菜了。

Because of serious pollution,__________________________________________.

4.众所周知,这种花每天必须浇水。

_______________________this kind of flowers ________________________every day.

5.到上个月末为止,我们已经在道路两旁种了树。

We_____________________________________ the road___________________________.

6.她的一个朋友去北京了。遗憾的是她从来没有去过北京。

____________________________ Beijing.It’s a pity that she ___________________Beijing before.

7.英语在全世界用途最广。English _______________________________thoughout(all over) the world.

8.Tom离开肇庆已有一个半月了。Tom ________________________Zhaoqing for half a month. =______________________________________ Zhaoqing.

9.中国北方种麦子。Wheat _________________________________.

10.这些小孩被他弄哭了。This children________________________________________.

11我们保护环境很重要。________________________________________our environment.

12.我和他都没有被邀请参加这次会议。___________________________________this meeting.

13.她直到看到新闻才知道真相。She ____________________________she watched the news.

14.这本小说很值得再读。This novel ______________________________.

15.昨天这个时候,我听见他在隔壁用英语唱这首歌。I ____________________________ this time yesterday yesterday.

16.肇庆是我参观过的美丽城市之一。

Zhaoqing is __________________________________________________.

17.他在读报时,我进来了。He _____________________the newspaper when I came in.

18.你介意我打开窗户吗?________________________________________ the window?

19.什么都阻止不了我梦想成真。Nothing can______________________________________.

20.老师要我上学再也不要迟到了。The teacher_____________________________ school again.

21.他希望我们快乐、健康。He____________________________________.

22.穿蓝色衣服的那个人过去经常在这里散步。The person ________________________here.

23.她的梦想就是长大当一名教师。Her dream is to be a teacher __________________________.

24.你应该学会如何与他人相处。You should learn ___________________________________.

七.动词非谓语形式

A. 单项选择

1. It’s true that every student ______ to having a good future.

A. hopes B. looks forward C. wishes D. wants

2. –This physics problem is too difficult. Can you show me ______, George? Sure.

A. what to work out B. to work it out C. how to work it out D. how to work out it

3. Its blowing hard outside. Tell him ______ the window.

A. not open B. not to open C. to not open D. dont open

4. What happened to the thief later? The king had him ______ the next day.

A. hung B. hanged C. hang D. hanging

5. My aunt played the light music to make the baby ______ crying.

A. stopped B. stops C. to stop D. stop

6. Excuse me, could you please tell me which gate ______?

A. we have to go to B. we had to go to

C. do we have to go to D. did we have to go to

7. To keep healthy, youd better ______ exercise right after you have a meal.

A. dont take B. not take C. not to take D. not taking

8. Mum, Im hungry. –What about going to McDonalds ______ fried chicken?

A. eat B. to eat C. eating D. and eat

9. Ill give a talk tomorrow. Im thinking about ______.

A. what to say B. how to say C. what can I say D. how can I say

10. The door was broken by him yesterday,which needs_________.

A. to repair B.repairing C. to be repaired D. B and C

11. Bob, its getting old. ______ take a jacket with you? –All right, Daddy.

A. Why not B. What about C. Would you like D. Youd better

12. Hello, my name is Johnson. I believe you have a room ______ for me.

–Johnson? Oh, yes, Mr Johnson. Its Room 1201, on the second floor.

A. looked B. waited C. cleaned D. booked

13. The teacher asked us ______ the work on time.

A. finish B. to finish C. finished D. finishes

14. Bob speaks Chinese well. –Yes, so he does. He practices ______ Chinese every day.

A. speaking B. speak C. speaks D. spoke

15. We have worked for three hours. Now lets stop ______ a rest.

A. had B. have C. to have D. having

16. Hello! Would you like to go to the concert with me tonight?

–Im sorry I cant. Mother wont ______ me to go out in the evening.

A. let B. allow C. offer D. ask

17. –Could you give me a hand, please?

–Sure. What would you like me ______?

A. do B. to do C. doing D. does

18. What are you busy ______ these days? –Nothing much.

A. do B. doing C. to do D. done

19. Mary prefers ______.

A. sing and dance B. singing to dancing C. to sing to dance D. to sing than dancing

20. Do you want to eat something?

–______, thanks. I am feeling sick now. I dont feel like ______.

A. Yes; eating something B. No; to eat anything

C. Yes; to eat anything D. No; eating anything

21. Its too hot. Would you mind ______ the door? –______. Please do it now.

A. to open; OK B. opening; Certainly not

C. opening; Of course D. to open; Good idea

22. The young lady watched her daughter ______ a yo-yo yesterday afternoon.

A. to play with B. playing with C. to play D. plays

23. Let me ______ for you.

A. to pick up it B. to pick it up C. pick up it D. pick it up

24. Have you finished _____the book? –Not yet. Ill try ______ it to you before Friday.

A. reading, returning B. to read, to return

C. reading, to return D. to read, returning

25. I like ______, but I dont like _____ right now.

A. singing, to sing B. to sing, singing C. singing, singing D. to sing, to sing

26. Did you hear her ______ this song? –Sometimes.

A. sing B. sang C. singing D. to sing

27. We can use QQ to talk with each other online.

–Good! Will you please show me ______ it?

A. what to use B. how to use C. when to use D. where to use.

28. The soldier rushed into the room ______ the baby in the fire.

A. to save B. saving C. and save D. saved

29. The teacher told Lucy ______ too much time ______ computer games.

A. not to spend; in B. to not spend; on

C. didnt spend; playing D. not to spend; playing

30. We can go to Yangzhou Railway Station by bus.

–Why not ______ there for a change?

A. try walking B. try to walk C. to try and walk D. to try walking

B. 用动词的适当形式填空

1. The boys were looking forward to _______________ (have) a holiday again.

2. It is very nice of them _______________ (send) me the flowers.

3. Can you hear the students ______________ (talk) happily at this moment?

4. Remember ________________ (not be) late next time.

5. A strange noise made me ______ (stop) my work.

6. We stopped ___________ (talk) with each other immediately when we heard the news.

7. Alice prefers _______________ (stay) outside to ____________ (stay) inside.

8. I couldnt make myself _______________ (hear).

9. Its important for us to encourage them ____________(learn) English well.

10. Keep _______________ (try), youre sure to be successful.

11. His wish is ________________ (become) a lawyer.

12. It is dangerous ________________ (play) with fire in the room.

13. We were made ________________ (speak) English in class.

14. If no one answers the front door, try ______________ (knock) at the back door.

15. You should be careful _____________ (not catch) a cold.

16. I have tried ___________ (make) friends with her, but she seems not to care.

17. She kept me ______________ (wait) for nearly 40 minutes.

18. I remember ________________ (tell) her about him that day.

19. Im sorry I forgot _______________ (buy) you stamps.

20. Ill never forget ______________ (invite) to her 18th birthday party.

21. _______________ (work) out this problem is not easy for them, I think.

22. Whats the language _____________ (speak) in China?

23. He is looking for a ____________ (use) car.

24. I want to know if they could get it ___________ (do) before next Friday.

25. Because of my poor English, I cant make myself ________________ (understand).

26. A young girl saw it ____________ (happen) when she was passing by.

27. After she finished _____________ (write) the article, she went to the post office.

28. Its your turn. Get ready _______________ (appear) on the stage.

29. On the pavement Li Mer found a wallet _______________ (lie) on the ground.

30. When she was walking, she suddenly heard someone _____________ (call) for help.

31. It is no use _________________(suggest) him not to smoke.

32. Are you considering _________________(accept) his offer?

33. From your ____________ voice, I feel that you are really ____________. (disappoint)

34. She had her little dog ________________ (steal) in that park.

35. She doesnt like _________________ (laugh) at like that.

36. When Edith saw so many teachers, her heart could not help ___________ (beat) fast.

37. Would you mind _______________ (wait) for me a moment? I have to make a call.

38. Please dont waste time ________ (watch) TV. You should spend more time studying.

39. He said that she felt someone ______________ (smoke) in the room.

40. Our English teacher is used to __________ (drive) in her own car in such heavy traffic.

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